The overall humanitarian situation remains dire for the people living in NW Syria. According to HNO 2021, an estimated of 13.4 million people are still in need of humanitarian assistance with increase comparing to 2020 (11 million) and the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in NW Syria has increased from 2.8 to 3.4 million people. 2.7 million are IDPs, many of whom are living in over-crowded locations with limited access to essential services. As of February 2021, approximately 1.7 million IDPs were living in 1,385 camps or informal sites (including 24,800 people displaced in January and February 2021 alone). Women and children represent 80 per cent of this caseload while more than 22,000 IDPs are reported to be persons with specific needs and the expanding impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has further complicated the lives of people in humanitarian settings in northwest Syria.
By the start of 2012 all the Agriculture Directorates (related to regime) has stopped working in the non-regime area, which resulted in decreasing the living situation of the farmers, increasing the prices of the agricultural inputs and losing some, increasing the irrigation fees due to the high prices of the fuel and the electricity outages which stopped most of the machinery used for agriculture. The markets became limited. In addition to, this led to insufficient availability of products and high prices of commodities such as bread, potatoes, eggs and meat Moreover, low the livestock production combined with import constraints, insecurity, and high transportation costs reduced the availability of food, lack of protein sources consumed by families and pushed prices up especially with the lack of employment opportunities and increase in the population in Idleb governorate following forced displacements and displacements, which led to doubling the population. Moreover, the poor condition of agricultural roads in the villages of the governorate due to the density and pressure of the use of these roads with the lack or absence of maintenance and restoration, which has placed a new burden on farmers due to the disruption of agricultural service mechanisms or high rental costs. Therefore, there is an importance to implement a project includes implementation food security and livelihoods activities in order to increase the stability of the local population and to benefit from existing resources (human and environmental), especially displaced families, which do not have a source of bread and the needs of their families, food, health and education.